Psycho-what? The practice of psychogeography as I see it.

I was introduced to psychogeography as part of my community development studies. The exact practice is contested, with no simple agreed definition. But I ‘d like to tell you about what I think it is, and why I think it matters. In the interest of giving context, there’s a decent explanation of psychogeography here . If you get really interested, I’d recommend books such as Merlin Coverley’s ‘Psychogeography’ John Roger’s excellent and comprehensive website ‘The Lost Byway’; Lynsey Hanley’s ‘Estates’or John Grindrod’s ‘Concretopia’.The last two focus on post-war developments in housing and public buildings, but both feature in-depth studies and consideration of urban areas- important elements of psychogeography.  If you are looking for the more academic origins of the subject, read Guy Debord , from whom the term ‘psychogeography’ is derived.

So, back to me. What exactly is it that I get up to on this psychogeography nonsense? I was completely intimidated in the beginning. Firstly, the name sounds pretentious. It did not sound like the sort of thing a working-class woman from a housing scheme (me) would do, even one who was at University. When first asked to carry out a ‘derive’ (a sort of free flowing wander through a cityscape) as part of a course, I thought that I was pretty observant and completely aware of my surroundings. How much harder could I really look, I thought. But time constraints and convenience meant that I was reliant on taking familiar routes to places I knew well. Yes, I was in Glasgow city all the time for work and study, but I stuck to straightforward routes and the main thoroughfares. Psychogeography demands closer attention, a tuning in to your surroundings. The idea is to wander aimlessly through an urban area, the aforementioned derive, giving in-depth contemplation to all that you experience. Psychogeography requires that you have some time to explore, and encourages you to follow unknown paths. Go to the same places at different times. You don’t plan your route. This I found a little daunting at first, but most people are only ever a smartphone away from a map. Or a human away from advice. Are you Intrigued enough to start your own psychogeographical walk? Some things you could consider as a starting point:

  • When you are walking, notice who surrounds you.  Are there women and children present? Older people?  Are people their for work or leisure? Is the area  diverse or populated exclusively by one ethnicity?
  • Look for indicators of social class and divides too. Security guard in the store? Doorman in the entrance way? What pubs have smokers standing in the doorway as opposed to shielded and discrete designated areas?
  • Stop and look at street art. What are the messages in both the officially acceptable (yes, the city council funds most of those beautiful beautiful building-sized murals) and the ‘illegal’ kind, graffiti tags on railway bridges and in city lanes; vinyl stickers slapped on street furniture.
  • Look at litter with the same interest. The debris you see is often indicative of the people who frequent the area even when no-one is there. [In one example, I saw lots of lidless, polystyrene coffee-cups littered a fairly prestigious, seemingly residential area of Glasgow. It didn’t make sense. Returning on another walk at lunchtime, I discovered it was the debris of the pupils from a fee-paying school. They feasted on chicken nuggets and noodles from a nearby corner shop at lunch time. I had to be there at two separate times of day to make the connection]
  • If the street is clean, why? Whose image is being upheld? Are there council workers visible? If not, why not?
  • Engage all of your senses. Certain sounds and smells will stress you, others will calm you- this will change how you interact with a space.
  • What buildings are in the space? Can you enter them freely or are they out of bounds? If so, who gets access and why? Are there abandoned buildings? If so, how does that change the space?
  • What about evidence of retail growth, industrial decline, gentrification?
  • What are the features of areas where  people freely congregate? What is lacking or present in other spaces that prevents people from congregating?

What exactly is the point of all this walking, this wandering and wondering? I quickly realised, from the very first derive, that I was not fully engaged with the spaces I used.  Psychogeography incites new discoveries  and promotes critical thinking. For community development professionals, activists, and ‘ordinary’ citizens alike. Psychogeography hopefully encourage new insights and perceptions of the places that shape us. It should consolidate some existing beliefs and challenge stereotypes. You’ll probably make sobering discoveries. For example, early on, I found that certain prestigious city centre shops and malls are seconds away from loose communities of rough sleepers, amongst the city’s most vulnerable people. To uncover findings like this, you have to deviate from the safe,pedestrianised encouraged and’endorsed’ routes; you have to explore. I hadn’t exactly conceived that those without homes would congregate neatly on the periphery of the city by night to spare others the discomfort of the homelessness problem. But I certainly didn’t imagine that people would bed down at the back door of Glasgow’s luxury retail outlets. Retail premises, incidentally, which take up vast amounts of space and lie unused, with the lights on, by night.

Over time, your endeavours will excavate themes. Control, visibility, order and disorder, claimed and contested spaces (see John Gaventa on this). Discrimination and segregation. Permissions, omissions and transgressions. Beauty and decay. If you get hooked on psychogeography (almost certain) your familiarity and freedom within a space will grow.  Your ability to traverse the city by your own two feet will hopefully astound you, the radical realisation that many places are walk-able by the time you wait for and use a bus will be heartening. The streets will seem to shrink as your knowledge expands. And with the emergence of understanding, your ability to prompt change will increase significantly. I can’t tell you how exactly, because I can’t predict what will affect people most. Perhaps you’ll be moved to document your findings or become more politically aware. Maybe you’ll seek out like-minded people or get involved in activism.  Maybe you’ll feel sickened by the amount we consume and spend in the literal face of others’ adversity. Maybe you’ll go to places you thought were out of bounds. Certainly, all of the above have happened to me.  I’ve already written that I believe places are part of what makes us ‘us’. Irrespective of your background, we all have a stake in shaping the places in which we live, travel and work.  We just need to give ourselves permission to believe it. From exploration, comes insight and understanding. And with understanding, the impetus to act.

 

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Do you believe in Utopia?

Utopia.  A perfect place, with people living in harmonious physical and psychosocial conditions. I think it’s something we should try for. Yet I’m sure you’ll agree when I say I believe we’re a long way from realising the Utopian vision.

High-rise living: not Utopia.

I’ve carried out voluntary work for over 20 years.  I’ve previously spent time working with and learning from kids’ clubs, youth groups and befriending adults with disabilities. Latterly, I’ve  supported foreign students with their academic studies and provided consultancy support to charities. Professionally, I’ve been employed in the community development and education sector for over a decade. I’ve worked with some of the most marginalised people in our society. This has included young people with no qualifications; asylum seekers and refugees; lone parents; the long-term unemployed and people with mental health problems.

All of the roles described above have something in common.  All were carried out in geographical communities that experience ‘multiple deprivations’ ( I also live in such a place). Deprivation in this context means issues such as a high proportion of low income households, high youth unemployment, lower than average educational attainment, poor housing and high percentages of lone-parent households. In recent years, my interests and experiences  have led me to seek out higher education, grasping to put names to the things I knew I didn’t know I knew!  I now have  the privilege and benefit of a Community development degree, and I am currently working on my dissertation for an MSc in Teaching Adults.

Both my personal, educational and professional experiences, as described above,  have converged.  I  do understand the importance of the many separate yet interconnected community projects that try to improve society. But I often feel the physical reality of places are overlooked. Thankfully, asides from amassing £20k+ of student debt, my studies have also gifted me with a new tool-  Psychogeography. The exact definition is contested. But I think the term lends itself well to what I am interested in. That is,  exploring and documenting ‘place’ in an attempt to understand the way we live and the problems we face.  I started working towards this almost accidentally on instagram six months ago, capturing images to show the places I see. The questions and themes that emerged in some of my more imaginative and evocative images are the focus of this blog. They include:

  • Where are the places that inspire us?
  • How do people interact with the spaces that they inherit?
  • Who are the rule makers, rule breakers and rule keepers?
  • What evidence exists that people know better than planners?
  • What makes a space a rejected place?

So, pleased to meet you as I embark upon a psychogeographic jaunt and ramble. Mostly, I’ll focus on the beautifully complicated, friendly and gritty city of Glasgow. But there’s also a strong supporting role for Cumbernauld, my newtown hometown. I’m hoping to hear your thoughts along the way. The first thing I’d like to ask- do you believe in Utopia?